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INDIA- one of the oldest civilizations in the world with a kaleidoscopic variety and rich cultural heritage is the seventh largest country in the world. After achieving independence on 15th August, 1947, India has achieved multifaceted socio-economic progress. Self – sufficient in agricultural production, India is now the tenth industrialized country in the world and the sixth nation to have gone into the outer space to conquer the nature. It covers an area of 32,87,263 sq km, extending from the snow covered Himalayan heights to the tropical rain forests of the south.
Languages of India

There are around 2l2 languages recognized by the Indian Constitution. These languages are:

  1. Assamese
  2. Bengali
  3. Bodo
  4. Dogri
  5. Gujarati
  6. Hindi
  7. Kannada
  8. Kashmiri
  9. Konkani
  10. Maithili
  11. Malayalam
  12. Manipuri
  13. Marathi
  14. Nepali
  15. Oriya
  16. Punjabi
  17. Sanskrit
  18. Santhali
  19. Sindhi
  20. Tamil
  21. Telugu
  22. Urdu

Hindi is the official and main link language of India. Its homeland is mainly in the north of India, but it is spoken and widely understood in all urban centers of India. It is written in the Devanagri script, which is phonetic and, unlike English, is pronounced as it is written. Hindi is a direct descendant of Sanskrit through Prakrit and Apabhramsha. It has been influenced and enriched by Dravidian, Turkish, Farsi, Arabic, Portugese and English. It is a very expressive language. In poetry and songs, it can convey emotions using simple and gentle words. It can also be used for exact and rational reasoning.

Major religions:
Hindu 81%
Muslim 12%
Christian 2.5%
Sikh 2%
Other groups including Buddhist, Jain, Parsi 2.5%
National Flag:

The National flag is a horizontal tricolour of deep saffron (kesari) at the top, white in the middle and dark green at the bottom in equal proportion.
The ratio of width of the flag to its length is two to three. In the centre of the white band is a navy blue wheel which represents the chakra. Its design is that of the wheel which appears on the abacus of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka. Its diameter approximates to the width of the white band and it has 24 spokes.
The design of the national flag was adopted by the Constituent
Assembly of India on 22 July 1947. Its use and display are regulated by the Indian Flag Code.
Other Resources on India:

The following Web sites provide additional information, facts and figures about India’s environment, economy, society, culture and traditions:

Gateway to Government of India Info over the web: http://indiaimage.nic.in

This interactive Web site focuses on providing up-to-date information on the Indian government: events, policies and officials. The site also provides historical information, up to the minute weather conditions around India and entertainment packages and information.

Government of India Directory of Official Web sites: http://goidirectory.nic.in. Looking for information on Government of India? This comprehensive Web site provides links to government ministries, departments, states, organizations and union territories of India.

Directorate of Field Publicity: http://mib.nic.in/dfp

The Directorate of Field Publicity has been playing a pivotal role in building a strong and prosperous India with the active involvement of the people belonging to all strata of society. There Web site details how the organization accomplishes their goals by seeking people's participation in various developmental schemes and activities formulated by the government for the benefit of different sections of society.

Indian search engine and web directory: http://searchindia.com
A creation of Rekha Inc., this site offers search engine and directory services focused on the Asian Indian community in India. SearchIndia.com is considered one of the finest India search engines and will locate information on a topic pertaining to the area.

Calcutta Library Network: http://www.calibnet.org

This educational search engines allows users to look up information on any topic pertaining to India and other areas of study.

India: A country study (library of Congress): http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/intoc.html

This volume is one in a continuing series of books prepared by the Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress under the Country Studies/Area Handbook Program sponsored by the Department of the Army. This on-line version describes and analyzes India’s political, economic, social, and national security systems and institutions, and interrelationships of those systems and the ways they are shaped by historical and cultural factors.

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